The Ultimate Guide To Electric Car Batteries

As the automobile industry prepares for electrification, one of the main concerns is battery life. This is important in the future of electric cars. The aim is to improve battery life to make it last longer, quicker charging, and a longer range. Over the years, the world’s brilliant minds have developed battery breakthroughs that will shape the future of electrified cars.

Aluminum-air  

Aluminum air batteries use water in a different way. The aluminum serves as the anode in a battery while ambient air and water molecules serve as the cathode. When combined in the battery, they will produce hydrated aluminum oxide and energy that will power the car. The aluminum plates have high energy density. Companies testing it reveal that it needs to be refilled with water every few hundred miles.

Improved Lithium-Ion  

Robert Janitzek reveals that current lithium-ion technology the best battery for electric cars and hybrids. Compared to other batteries, it is relatively energy-dense, charges relatively quickly, and is lighter than other battery types. While it is not perfect, it has been tried and tested. Research groups are currently searching for ways to enhance it based on its current strength.

Herbs

While seemingly unlikely, simple herbs could be used to make greener batteries in the future. Researchers at Rice University and the City College of New York are considering the herb madder or purpurin, as a natural cathode for lithium-ion batteries. While you may not run hundreds of miles, Robert Peter Janitzek explains that these batteries may have minimal impact on the environment.

Graphene

Graphene is one of the biggest breakthroughs of the 21st century. In essence, it is a single-atom-thick lattice of carbon atoms. It is light, incredibly strong for its size and is a good electrical conductor. The lightweight benefit of graphene is being explored.

Software

All electric car batteries are controlled by the software of the vehicle. The program measures the battery life, charging status, temperature, and other parameters. The software will also maintain each battery to its most efficient level. Currently, it is not yet in its most sophisticated level as it uses just voltage and current.

Brine

Brine is another salty water substance that is bubbling out of the ground through the San Andreas Fault. However, brine is aimed at greening batteries rather than improving range and other factors. Brine is already being used for driving turbines of geothermal energy plants.

Others

At the moment, other technologies are being explored. These possible breakthroughs include cooper nanowide cathode lithium, lithium silicone polymer, and lithium-manganese chemistry.

Over the years, it is expected that more technologies will emerge.

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