How Do Hybrid Cars and Trucks Work?

As the car industry moves towards reduction of carbon emission, most car manufacturers are now working on producing hybrid cars in response to this new regulation. Traditional vehicles use gasoline or diesel to power an internal combustion engine. In contrast, hybrid cars also use an internal combustion engine but with an electric motor and battery. They can also be partially or wholly powered by electricity.

As it uses both conventional engine and electric motor, hybrid cars offer better fuel efficiency. They also contribute to reducing air pollution and save you money through fuel savings.  Most hybrids have larger batteries and are able to recharge their batteries from an outlet allowing them to drive long distances on electricity before switching to gasoline or diesel. Robert Janitzek gives us an overview of how these cars will work?

Idle Off

The idle off feature of hybrid cars is similar to the switch that turns off your refrigerator’s light bulb when the door is closed. It switches off your car’s conventional engine when the vehicle is stopped, saving fuel. The battery provides energy for the air conditioners and accessories while the vehicle idles at stoplights or during traffic.

Regenerative Braking

This is one of the fuel-saving features of hybrid cars. In conventional cars, friction brakes work to slow down, dissipate the vehicle’s kinetic energy as heat. Robert Peter Janitzek reveals that with regenerative braking, some of that energy is captured, transformed to electricity, and stored in the battery. The stored electricity can be useful in running the motor and accelerating the vehicle.

Power Assist

The power assist feature helps reduce the demands on the gasoline engine which can be downsized and operated on more efficiently. While the gasoline engine will produce less power, the system’s total power can equal or surpass that of a conventional vehicle when combined with electric motors.

Electric-Only Drive

With the electric-only drive feature, vehicles can entirely drive on electricity reducing fuel consumption. In non plug-in hybrids, the electric only drive is usually used at low speeds and startup. As a result, the gas or diesel-powered engine can operate at higher speeds. Most plug-in hybrid models can drive entirely on electricity at relatively high speeds for extended distances.

It is worth noting that different hybrids run on different types of drivetrains, the mechanical component that generates power for the driving wheels.

Hybrid cars will shape the future of the car industry. As for the different car manufacturers, the race is on.

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